Glossary of Mosaic Terms & Materials
A descriptive glossary of ancient mosaic terms and commonly used modern materials.
The direction or flow of the tesserae within a mosaic.
A reduced to scale design of mosaic art suitable for customer inspection.
A full-scale design of a mosaic. Often traced onto a medium which tesserae are added.
A mosaic panel featuring a figure constructed of small tesserea worked away from the final installation site.
The gap between tesserae.
Round handmade Murano, Italian feature tesserae of 'a thousand flowers' dating back to 15th century.
Marble slabs used to decorate the walls into which feature mosaics were inserted.
Wall mosaics made from glass paste and marble.
OPUS SEGMENTATUM / SECTILE:
Thin geometric mosaic slabs bedded into a mortar of lime and pozzolana.
Roman geometric mosaics made up of handcut cubed tesserae of stone and marble.
Mosaics made of minute tesserae.
A method of transferring cartoon designs to the surface to be mosaiced. The shape is pin-pricked and dusted with charcoal leaving an outline of the design.
A hand-turned grinding wheel used to shape tessera.
Small Italian moulded, glass tesserae with rounded corners.
Handmade Italian rectangular bricks of opaque glass used in Byzantine mosaics of Ravenna. Left ungrouted due to its naturally occuring bubbled surface.
Rubble layer beneath floor mosaics.
An individual piece of mosaic.
To build or inlay a mosaic.
Mosaic glass tiles in wide range of colours with a flat smooth surface. Frost and UVA resistant. Ridged on reverse for better adhesion.
Hardie & Anvil (used for Smalti)
Concrete paving stones
Mosaic Artist (UK based)